Blood Pressure/Cholesterol/Diabetes/Anaemia Screening
Blood Pressure Tests
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood pumped by the heart against the walls of the arteries. The maximum pressure on the arteries is exerted by the contraction of the heart and is called systolic pressure, denoted as the numerator (top number) in a blood pressure reading. As the heart relaxes between heart beats, the pressure in the arteries drops and this pressure is known as diastolic pressure, representing the denominator (bottom number) of the blood pressure reading. Blood pressure varies throughout the day and depends on the level of your activity
Cholesterol is a fat synthesized by your body and is present in your blood. It is used by your body to build healthy cells, produce hormones, vitamins and bile (to digest fat). Cholesterol is obtained from the food we eat. There are two main types of cholesterol high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is good for our bodies, and low-density lipoprotein, which is considered "bad" cholesterol.
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by increased levels of sugar in the blood. It is caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce the hormone insulin, which is responsible for maintaining normal levels of sugar in the blood, or the insensitivity of the body to the amount of insulin produced.
Anaemia, characterized by low oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, can occur during pregnancy. During pregnancy the blood production in the body increases in order to support your baby's growth, but sometimes, insufficient iron or other nutrient intake hampers the body's ability to produce sufficient red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the tissues.